Certainly, many Japanese feel that MEXT need to change various aspects of Japan’s English education. It seems like difficult to decide what the greatest priorities are because there are too many points that MEXT should adjust. However, I feel that there are two things that should be reformed before considering other points. In this essay, I would like to argue that MEXT need to change immediately following two points:
(1) The number of students in each class
(2) 5 days in a week system
First of all, MEXT should enable Japanese students to learn in smaller classes. In the current situation, most of public junior high schools conduct English classes in large class, around 40 people in a classroom. Certainly, it might be a crucial point that leads Japan’s English education as a failure. In large classes, what teachers can do in classes are very limited. In particular, even if teacher would like to do communication-oriented class, they cannot give enough feedback for each student in class. Also, the student’s anxiety of making mistakes in front of other classmates will become higher in the classes with many people. Thus, even if the government makes the communication-oriented curriculum, it will not work well as long as doing classes in such large size.
In addition to the above, 5 school days in a week system has to be quitted as soon as possible. According to a resource by the MEXT, the number of classes decreased 6 hours per week compared to that of 1994 . On the other hand, students are required to study new subject, integrated-study 2 to 3 hours in a week. Clearly, it seems like reasonable assumption that this reduced number of classes may be a factor that hinders the development of Japan’s English education.
In conclusion, MEXT need to consider making class size smaller, and increasing the number of classes per a week, with the greatest priorities. By changing those systems, it will be much easier for MEXT to conduct other reformations.